Having invaded the areas throughout Southern Spain, and coming to rule in a matter of seven years, Islamic rulers were confronted with many questions relating to the implementation of Islamic Rule on a non-Islamic society. The coexistence of Muslims, Jews, and Christians during this time is revered by many writers. Al-Andalus was a key center of Jewish life during the early Middle Agesproducing important scholars and one of the most stable and wealthy Jewish communities and a relatively educated society for the Muslim occupiers and their Jewish collaborators, as well as some Christians who openly collaborated with the Muslims and Jews.
Musa responded by sending the young general Tariq bin Ziyad with an army of troops. The story of the appeal for help is not universally accepted.
There is no doubt that Tariq invaded Spain, but the reason for it may have more to do with the Muslim drive to enlarge their territory. The Muslim army defeated the Visigoth army easily, and Roderick was killed in battle.
After the first victory, the Muslims conquered most of Spain and Portugal with little difficulty, and in fact with little opposition. By Spain was largely under Muslim or Moorish, as it was called control.
Reasons One reason for the rapid Muslim success was the generous surrender terms that they offered the people, which contrasted with the harsh conditions imposed by the previous Visigoth rulers.
The ruling Islamic forces were made up of different nationalities, and many of the forces were converts with uncertain motivation, so the establishment of a coherent Muslim state was not easy. The name Andalusia comes from the term Al-Andalus used by the Arabs, derived from the Vandals who had been settled in the region.
The credit goes to Amir Abd al-Rahman, who founded the Emirate of Cordoba, and was able to get the various different Muslim groups who had conquered Spain to pull together in ruling it. Both Muslims and non-Muslims made major contributions to this flowering of culture.
A Golden Age of religious tolerance? Some historians believe this idea of a golden age is false and might lead modern readers to believe, wrongly, that Muslim Spain was tolerant by the standards of 21st century Britain. The true position is more complicated. The distinguished historian Bernard Lewis wrote that the status of non-Muslims in Islamic Spain was a sort of second-class citizenship but he went on to say: Second-class citizenship, though second class, is a kind of citizenship.
It involves some rights, though not all, and is surely better than no rights at all A recognized status, albeit one of inferiority to the dominant group, which is established by law, recognized by tradition, and confirmed by popular assent, is not to be despised. Although these rules would now be considered completely unacceptable, they were not much of a burden by the standards of the time, and in many ways the non-Muslims of Islamic Spain at least before were treated better than conquered peoples might have expected during that period of history.
A dhimmi is a non-Muslim living in an Islamic state who is not a slave, but does not have the same rights as a Muslim living in the same state.If you are referring to the Golden Age of Islamic Spain(ss), the Muslims were in power at that time, so theytreated themselves quite well.
Zenith of the Golden Age. The greatness of the Jewish community in Spain during the Golden Age of the Jews in Spain is reflected in the lives of a number of great people.
Sephardic Poets of the Jewish Golden Age of Spain. Sections: The Backstory; of course, a relative one. This entire medieval period was in no way a “golden age” for any group—Jews, Christians, or Muslims—in political terms, since the entire region was periodically embroiled in one war or another.
The Jews of Spain: A History of. Spain Virtual Jewish History Tour. during this “Golden Age” of Spain, Jews rose to great prominence in society, the Golden Age of Spain began to decline as the Muslims began to battle the Christians for control of the Iberian Peninsula and Spanish kingdoms in Historians refer to a “Golden Age” for Jews of Spain.
The Wiki Encyclopedia entry for the Golden Age states: “The nature and length of this ‘Golden Age’ has been a subject of much debate, as there were at least three Golden Ages interrupted by periods of oppression of Jews and non-Jews.
The Sephardic Golden Age ended when Christian princes consolidated their kingdoms and reestablished Christian rule throughout Spain and Portugal. In , King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella expelled all Jews from Spain ; soon after, a similar law exiled Jews from Portugal.