Who created the first alphabet? Laura Schumm Before the alphabet was invented, early writing systems had been based on pictographic symbols known as hieroglyphics, or on cuneiform wedges, produced by pressing a stylus into soft clay. Because these methods required a plethora of symbols to identify each and every word, writing was complex and limited to a small group of highly-trained scribes.
At school teachers do not explain to students the way writing began. Instead, they present writing as something which has always existed.
In this way, teachers lose the opportunity to describe a charming history which could enchant children and increase their desire to learn this ancient and refined technique of expression and communication.
Not only children, but also many adults take writing for granted and they do not think about the complex process that brought it into existence. If you are interested in knowing something more on how writing began, follow me in the next paragraphs, where we will go back in time for thousands of years and we will also do some experiments on writing.
The birth of writing is a long and very interesting process and I'm convinced that by the end of this article, you will want to know more about this topic. The invention of writing happened in an independent way in different parts of the world and it followed the same fundamental steps.
At the beginning, to indicate something people used its picture or a conventional sign. Then they moved on to a phonetic writing system based on the mechanism of the rebus, then they went to a syllabic writing and only at the end did they arrive at alphabetic writing.
Before writing began During the upper Palaeolithic,years ago, people started by drawing graffiti and paintings on rocks and walls of caves. It is more or less from the same period that the oldest fragments of bones and pebbles with notches date from.
Unfortunately, we do not know with certainty what was the purpose of these beautiful images of animals painted on caves, nor the purpose of repeated signs.
The paintings of animals were probably connected to magical rites to foster hunting, while it seems the notches engraved on bones and stones were a way to count something, as for example the days which pass, the lunar months, or the prey captured.
Multiple origins There is not a unique origin of writing; it was independently born in different parts of the world. It seems the first people who wrote were the Sumerians and the Egyptians around BC.
It is not clear which of those two peoples invented writing first, although it seems the Egyptian writing had some Sumerian influence and not vice versa.
They were peoples who had known agriculture for some millennia and who felt the need for a system of notation for agricultural products. Usually, sovereigns imposed taxes on their own subjects as agricultural products.
They used these resources in order to pay for the construction of palaces and temples, to maintain the army, the court officials, the court, etc. Also in the trade exchanges people felt the need to be allowed to annotate goods. The same is valid for the offers which were brought to the temples.
The invention of writing closely followed many other innovations typical of the Neolithic age, such as the construction of cities, the use of bronze, the invention of the wheel, the potter's wheel and the loom for weaving.
In this period, agriculture and breeding spread and it was always more important to be able to indicate goods and persons in account documents and in commercial transactions.The History of the Alphabet INTRODUCTION: Pre-Alphabetic Writing • Chinese writing is based on ideograms – hard to learn at first, so it takes Chinese more important than either of these is the invention of writing itself John Healey, The Early Alphabet, The History of the Alphabet The Greek Alphabet.
Writing is the physical manifestation of a spoken language. It is thought that human beings developed language c.
35, BCE as evidenced by cave paintings from the period of the Cro-Magnon Man (c. 50,, BCE) which appear to express concepts concerning daily life. The history of alphabetic writing goes back to the consonantal writing system used for Semitic languages in the Levant in the 2nd millennium BCE.
Most or nearly all alphabetic scripts used throughout the world today ultimately go back to this Semitic proto-alphabet. Its first origins can be traced back to a Proto-Sinaitic script developed in Ancient Egypt .
Not a completely new “invention,” the Greek alphabet is undoubtedly from a script that the Semitic peoples of Levantine coast used. Originally fashioned by ethnic Phoenician groups, the source alphabet is connected to the Ugaritic groups of writing systems that developed around the city of Ugarit (Powell ).
In most places, writing started about the same time ancient civilizations emerged from hunter-gatherer communities, probably as a way to keep track of the new concept of "property," such as.
Each letter of the alphabet represents one sound in our language. By combining these letters, it's possible to represent an unlimited number of words.
Many different alphabets have been used around the world throughout history.
|History of the Greek alphabet Greek alphabet on an ancient black figure vessel.|
|The History of Writing||Mesoamerican writing systems A stone slab with 3,year-old writing, the Cascajal Blockwas discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and is an example of the oldest script in the Western Hemisphere, preceding the oldest Zapotec writing dated to about BC. The earliest inscriptions which are identifiably Maya date to the 3rd century BC, and writing was in continuous use until shortly after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century AD.|
|Who Invented the Alphabet? | Wonderopolis||The Place of Hieroglyphics Hieroglyphs. Stele of Minnakht, Chief of the Scribes c.|
|It was invented, in spurts and stages, as different civilizations borrowed ideas about writing from their peers.|