You can help by adding to it. February In Finland, the Finns Party is the main right-wing populist party and the second largest party in Finland. In19 of the 37 MPs from the party split and founded Blue Reform. France[ edit ] This section relies largely or entirely on a single source.
Executive Director kenroth Human rights exist to protect people from government abuse and neglect. Rights limit what a state can do and impose obligations for how a state must act. Yet today a new generation of populists is turning this protection on its head. Instead of accepting rights as protecting everyone, they privilege the declared interests of the majority, encouraging people to adopt the dangerous belief that they will never themselves need to assert rights against an overreaching government claiming to act in their name.
Related Content World Report "Easy to Read" Version The appeal of the populists has grown with mounting public discontent over the status quo.
In the West, many people feel left behind by technological change, the global economy, and growing inequality. Horrific incidents of terrorism generate apprehension and fear.
Some are uneasy with societies that have become more ethnically, religiously and racially diverse. There is an increasing sense that governments and the elite ignore public concerns.
In this cauldron of discontent, certain politicians are flourishing and even gaining power by portraying rights as protecting only the terrorist suspect or the asylum seeker at the expense of the safety, economic welfare, and cultural preferences of the presumed majority.
They scapegoat refugees, immigrant communities, and minorities. Truth is a frequent casualty. Nativism, xenophobia, racism, and Islamophobia are on the rise. This dangerous trend threatens to reverse the accomplishments of the modern human rights movement.
In its early years, that movement was preoccupied with the atrocities of World War II and the repression associated with the Cold War. Having seen the evil that governments can do, states adopted a series of human rights treaties to limit and deter future abuse.
Protecting these rights was understood as necessary for individuals to live in dignity. Growing respect for rights laid the foundation for freer, safer, and more prosperous societies.
But today, a growing number of people have come to see rights not as protecting them from the state but as undermining governmental efforts to defend them.
In the United States and Europe, the perceived threat at the top of the list is migration, where concerns about cultural identity, economic opportunity, and terrorism intersect. If the majority wants to limit the rights of refugees, migrants, or minorities, the populists suggest, it should be free to do so.
That international treaties and institutions stand in the way only intensifies this antipathy toward rights in a world where nativism is often prized over globalism. It is perhaps human nature that it is harder to identify with people who differ from oneself, and easier to accept violation of their rights.
People take solace in the hazardous assumption that the selective enforcement of rights is possible—that the rights of others can be compromised while their own remain secure.
You may not like your neighbors, but if you sacrifice their rights today, you jeopardize your own tomorrow, because ultimately rights are grounded on the reciprocal duty to treat others as you would want to be treated yourself.
To violate the rights of some is to erode the edifice of rights that inevitably will be needed by members of the presumed majority in whose name current violations occur.
But to mount an effective defense against the false promises of populism, we will have to do more than define the threat: We will need to formulate the ideas, the slogans, and the policies that. We on the left may not like the bearer of these words, but Obama was right: The extreme right expropriated the anti-globalization critique from progressives. They ate our lunch. This non-linhear response could explain the sudden rise in support for populism as a cultural backlash to slowly rising numbers of Muslims. Acts of terrorism are one known driver of a risng cultural backlash.
When populists treat rights as an obstacle to their vision of the majority will, it is only a matter of time before they turn on those who disagree with their agenda.
The risk only heightens when populists attack the independence of the judiciary for upholding the rule of law—that is, for enforcing the limits on governmental conduct that rights impose.
Such claims of unfettered majoritarianism, and the attacks on the checks and balances that constrain governmental power, are perhaps the greatest danger today to the future of democracy in the West.
Spreading Threat and Tepid Response Rather than confronting this populist surge, too many Western political leaders seem to have lost confidence in human rights values, offering only tepid support.
Some leaders seem to have buried their heads in the sand, hoping the winds of populism will blow over. Others, if not seeking to profit from populist passions, seem to wish that emulation of the populists might temper their ascendancy.
The Dutch government supports restrictions on face veils for Muslim women.The exact figure here can be contested but I think we can agree that if only 37% of the world's Muslims live in the Middle East, the cost little be higher if we include other Muslim nations.
Around , Muslim students that would represent about $5b annually at an average tuition rate. Podemos, the populist Spanish party, wants to give immigrants voting rights.
Geert Wilders, the populist Dutch politician, wants to eliminate hate-speech laws. This non-linhear response could explain the sudden rise in support for populism as a cultural backlash to slowly rising numbers of Muslims. Acts of terrorism are one known driver of a risng cultural backlash.
We on the left may not like the bearer of these words, but Obama was right: The extreme right expropriated the anti-globalization critique from progressives.
They ate our lunch. Explaining the Rise of Populism. By John Bruton • February 6, ; 0. 0. without taking into account the value of what they can sell to the rest of the world. Populism in Aging Societies. Aging societies, with large retired populations, are particularly prone to this sense of entitlement, because they feel the work they did in the past.
Feb 10, · book,"The Global Rise of Populism: Performance, Political Style and Representation." Cas Mudde explains why populism "tends to get ugly when .