It is even sadder that usually it comes around at least once in our lifetime. In the 20th century alone we have already had two huge wars. These wars are called the World Wars simply because they involved most of the big countries of the world.
The symbolic first meeting of American and Soviet soldiers occurred at Torgau, Ger. Their handshakes and toasts in beer and vodka celebrated their common victory over Nazi Germany and marked the collapse of old Europe altogether; but their… Origins of the Cold War Following the surrender of Nazi Germany in May near the close of World War IIthe uneasy wartime alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other began to unravel.
By the Soviets had installed left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe that had been liberated by the Red Army. The Americans and the British feared the permanent Soviet domination of eastern Europe and the threat of Soviet-influenced communist parties coming to power in the democracies of western Europe.
The Soviets, on the other hand, were determined to maintain control of eastern Europe in order to safeguard against any possible renewed threat from Germany, and they were intent on spreading communism worldwide, largely for ideological reasons. The Cold War had solidified by —48, when U.
The struggle between superpowers The Cold War reached its peak in — In this period the Soviets unsuccessfully blockaded the Western-held sectors of West Berlin —49 ; the United States and its European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATOa unified military command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe ; the Soviets exploded their first atomic warheadthus ending the American monopoly on the atomic bomb; the Chinese communists came to power in mainland China ; and the Soviet-supported communist government of North Korea invaded U.
From to Cold War tensions relaxed somewhat, largely owing to the death of the longtime Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin in ; nevertheless, the standoff remained. Another intense stage of the Cold War was in — The United States and the Soviet Union began developing intercontinental ballistic missilesand in the Soviets began secretly installing missiles in Cuba that could be used to launch nuclear attacks on U.
This sparked the Cuban missile crisisa confrontation that brought the two superpowers to the brink of war before an agreement was reached to withdraw the missiles. The two superpowers soon signed the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty ofwhich banned aboveground nuclear weapons testing. National Archives and Records Administration Throughout the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union avoided direct military confrontation in Europe and engaged in actual combat operations only to keep allies from defecting to the other side or to overthrow them after they had done so.
Thus, the Soviet Union sent troops to preserve communist rule in East GermanyHungaryCzechoslovakiaand Afghanistan For its part, the United States helped overthrow a left-wing government in Guatemalasupported an unsuccessful invasion of Cubainvaded the Dominican Republic and Grenadaand undertook a long —75 and unsuccessful effort to prevent communist North Vietnam from bringing South Vietnam under its rule see Vietnam War.
Soviet invasionCzechs confronting Soviet troops in Prague, August 21, Soviet forces had invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the reform movement known as the Prague Spring.
A major split had occurred between the Soviet Union and China in and widened over the years, shattering the unity of the communist bloc. Less-powerful countries had more room to assert their independence and often showed themselves resistant to superpower coercion or cajoling.
The s saw an easing of Cold War tensions as evinced in the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks SALT that led to the SALT I and II agreements of andrespectively, in which the two superpowers set limits on their antiballistic missiles and on their strategic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons.
That was followed by a period of renewed Cold War tensions in the early s as the two superpowers continued their massive arms buildup and competed for influence in the Third World.
But the Cold War began to break down in the late s during the administration of Soviet leader Mikhail S. He dismantled the totalitarian aspects of the Soviet system and began efforts to democratize the Soviet political system.
When communist regimes in the Soviet-bloc countries of eastern Europe collapsed in —90, Gorbachev acquiesced in their fall. In late the Soviet Union collapsed and 15 newly independent nations were born from its corpse, including a Russia with a democratically elected, anticommunist leader.
The Cold War had come to an end. Reagan, Ronald; Gorbachev, MikhailU.Central to the entire discipline of global politics after the Second World War, is the concept of European Integration.
In the aftermath of the Second World War, Europe found itself in a state of economic devastation and with various problems to solve. World War Ii On The Decolonization Effect History Essay. Decolonization is the contrary of colonialism, this is the process whereby one nation establishes itself independent and separate from the state it had emerged from.
World War II can be rightly called one of the most significant events in the history of humanity. It had a significant impact on the development of the entire world, and resulted in the revision of many socio-political doctrines, policies, and principles of . Mar 01, · We investigate long-run effects of World War II on socio-economic status and health of older individuals in Europe.
We analyze data from SHARELIFE, a retrospective survey conducted as part of SHARE in Europe in Well, world war II had six major causes: anger over the Versailles Treaty, the failure of peace efforts after world war I, the rise of Fascism, the goals of Hitler, the isolationism by America and Britain, and the re-armament of Europe.
Article shared by. Essay on World War II ( Words) War is one of the most tragic things in our world today. It is even sadder that usually it comes around at least once in our lifetime.