Following his doctoral studies he joined Janssen Pharmaceutica. He served as dean of his faculty between and
Overview The increasing depletion of crude oil resources and the increasing awareness about their environmental implications have led to the development of environment-friendly lubricants.
This is because crude oil based lubricants have health implications and are also a cause of pollution that environment-friendly products are free of.
Lubricants usually impact the environment at all stages from production to use to disposal and thus need to be non-toxic to humans either through inhalation or contact during production and use. Bio based lubricants are mainly synthesized from vegetable oil and oilseeds. Bio based lubricants are mostly made of esters, which are either natural, oleo chemical, or complex.
While natural esters are triglycerides of vegetable oils, oleo chemical esters of fatty acids are polyol esters and diesters and complex esters. These lubricating substances are synthesized from numerous cultures, usually rapeseed or sunflower, but can also be produced from exotic oils.
Moreover, depending on the usage, fatty acids can also be derived from palm oil and coconut oil and these oils have distinguished properties in comparison to the oils that are commonly use, predominantly in terms of oxidation stability.
The report is a complete study of current market trends, growth drivers, and restraints that will impact the growth of the global bio based lubricants market between and Using validated research tools and assumptions, the report presents market size estimates and competitive structure of the market until the end of the forecast period in Global Bio Based Lubricants Market: Drivers and Restraints The implementation of mandates for the usage of bio based lubricants and growth in end-user industries such as transportation, shipping are some of the major factors driving the global bio based lubricants market.
The increasing use of bio based lubricants derived from renewable resources is also due to their low toxicity, high biodegradability, and environment-friendly nature. Due to the natural abundance and high lubricating properties of vegetable oils, they are increasingly finding application in hydraulic fluids, petroleum fuel additives, engine oils, and metalworking fluids.
With increasing demand for vegetable oils, their production is also on the rise. For example, the annual production of vegetable oil increased from 55 million metric tons MMT in to MMT by across the globe. It is projected to reach MMT by However, factors such as fluctuations in mineral oil prices and the high cost of production of bio based lubricants are slowing the growth of this market.
Nevertheless, rapid industrialization predominantly in emerging economies is expected to offer ample growth opportunities to the growth of this market. Oil spills and fires that happen due to crude oil based lubricants can impact environmentally sensitive areas such as waterways, harbors, forests, construction sites, agriculture, and mining.
Thus, increasing public response to prevent such situations the stipulation of norms that encourages the use of environment friendly lubricants are desirable. This has created an opportunity for the production of environmental friendly lubricants that are synthesized from natural esters such as vegetable oils.
Each of the companies is profiled for their attributes of business position, recent developments, product portfolio and specification, and SWOTs. The global bio based lubricants market is segmented as follows:Transparency Market Research, a U.S.-based market research and intelligence firm, announces the release of a new market research report detailing the global synthetic and bio-based lubricants initiativeblog.com report, including information gathered from primary and secondary resources combined with input from industry experts, is titled ‘Synthetic & Bio-Based Lubricants Market - Global Industry.
Global lubricants market research report- information by type (mineral oil, bio-based, and synthetic lubricants), application (industrial, automotive, marine, construction, and others) region – .
Lubricants Market: By Type (Engine Oil, Gear Oil, Hydraulic Fluid, Metalworking Fluids, Greases, Turbine Oil, Compressor Oil, Others) Base Oil (Mineral, Synthetic, Bio-based, Others) Application (Automotive, Industrial, Others) & Geography - Forecast( - ) Report Code: CMR C, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal.
Recently, polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) are attracting a lot of attention owing to their small size and relatively low working temperature (below 80 °C), which enables their usage in automobiles and household power generation.
Professor José Antonio Carrillo Imperial College London (United Kingdom) Born in Granada, Spain, in He obtained a Ph.
D. degree in Mathematics at Universidad de Granada in and he held assistant and associate professor positions there during and Data (ISSN ) is a peer-reviewed open access journal on data in science, with the aim of enhancing data transparency and reusability.
The journal publishes in two sections: a section on the collection, treatment and analysis methods of data in science; a section publishing descriptions of scientific and scholarly datasets (one dataset per paper).