Q2 A belief in miracles leads to the concept of a God who favours some but not of all of his creation.
Academic study of new religious movements "Three basic questions have been paramount in orienting theory and research on NRMs: Bromley  The academic study of new religious movements is known as 'new religions studies' NRS.
God among Sages: Why Jesus Is Not Just Another Religious Leader [Kenneth Richard Samples] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Was Jesus just a spiritual leader, like Buddha, Krishna, Confucius, and Muhammad? Or is he something more- . Critically assess the claim that the meaning of religious language lies in the context in which it is used. Assess this view (20 marks) AO2: Candidate Response: Better phrasing and further critical development of the points made would have enabled this candidate to reach Level 6, but as it stands the Response to these claims against religious .
Less controversial NRMs tend to be the subject of less scholarly research. The feminist spirituality movement is usually examined by scholars of women's studiesAfrican-American new religions by scholars of Africana studiesand Native American new religions by scholars of Native American studies.
Gordon Melton argued that, "new religious movements" should be defined by the way dominant religious and secular forces within a given society treat them.
According to him, NRMs constituted "those religious groups that have been found, from the perspective of the dominant religious community and in the West that is almost always a form of Christianityto be not just different, but unacceptably different.
Public fears around Satanism, in particular, came to be known as a distinct phenomenon, the " Satanic Panic.
RichardsonTimothy Miller and Catherine Wessinger argued that the term "cult" had become too laden with negative connotations, and "advocated dropping its use in academia. These include "alternative religious movements" Miller"emergent religions" Ellwood and "marginal religious movements" Harper and Le Beau.
Christian countercult movementAnti-cult movementand Cult There has been opposition to NRMs throughout their history. It is closely associated with evangelical Christianity. Anti-cult movement[ edit ] "The s and s saw the emergence of a number of highly visible new religious movements Real or serious religions, it was felt, should appear in recognizable institutionalized forms, be suitably ancient, and — above all — advocate relatively familiar theological notions and modes of conduct.
Most new religions failed to comply with such standards. It also encourages members of these groups to leave them, and at times seeking to restrict their freedom of movement.
Lifton to apply to the methods employed by Chinese to convert captured U. Lifton himself had doubts about the applicability of his 'brainwashing' hypothesis to the techniques used by NRMs to convert recruits.
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|All A2 Past Philosophy Questions - Philosophical Investigations||October 30, 5 Minutes The claim of a language game theorist is that the meaning of a phrase is found in its use or context.|
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For instance, in the late s a man in DublinIreland was given a three-year suspended sentence for falsely claiming that he had been drugged, kidnapped, and held captive by members of ISKCON. New religious movements and cults in popular culture New religious movements and cults have appeared as themes or subjects in literature and popular culturewhile notable representatives of such groups have produced a large body of literary works.
Beginning in the s authors in the English-speaking world began introducing members of "cults" as antagonists. Satanistssects of the Mormon movement, and Thuggees were popular choices. In the Twentieth century concern for the rights and feelings of religious minorities led authors to most often invent fictional cults for their villains to be members of.
Tabloid articles have repeatedly combined the word "cult" with other terms to make their coverage more sensational, thus referring to various new religions as a "sex cult", "evil cult", or "suicide cult".
According to James R. Another example is the image of cigarette smoking in movies, which was found to be more influential then tobacco advertising and marketing.Religious Disagreement.
The domain of religious inquiry is characterized by pervasive and seemingly intractable disagreement. Whatever stance one takes on central religious questions—for example, whether God exists, what the nature of God might be, whether the world has a purpose, whether there is life beyond death—one will stand opposed to a large contingent of highly informed and.
Religious-affiliated schools, also known as faith-based schools, are associated with a specific religion. The most common religious-affiliated schools are Christian and Catholic, but there are also Islamic, Jewish, Sikh, and Buddhist schools, among others.
Baruch Spinoza, the Jewish pantheistic philosopher known for his promotion of democracy, developed his ideas in a Netherlands teeming with radical thinkers in an intellectual milieu the authors assess had a perceptible though not explicit effect on Spinoza, forming powerful impressions on his own thinking.
One fact that concerns some Christians and elates some atheists is that 93 percent of the members of the National Academy of Sciences, one of the most elite scientific organizations in the United States, do not believe in God. Atheist Sam Harris says that, “This suggests that there are few modes of thinking less congenial to religious faith than science is.”.
Critically assess the claim that religious language is meaningless. Online Course A Complete Course for A level students, with both content and training in A . Kahrn Sanderson A02 A2 Philosophy Mrs Kassai Critically assess the claim that religious language is meaningless (35 Marks) Religious language has been argued about by many philosophers with regards to whether or not the ways in .